The Amazon Basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
Also called jungle, forest, rainforest or orient and "montaña". It is the Peruvian geographical area located at the east of the Andes Mountain Range. It is a huge geologic depression in which prevail the big plains, hills, small mountain ranges, flooded lands in time of grown of rivers.
It occupies 62% of the Peruvian territory and its population density is very low (8%).
Climate: The Amazon river Basin has a tropical rainforest climate. Annual rain fall is approximately 1500–2500 mm. Day temperatures typically reach 30-35°C, while night temperatures reach 15-25°C. The climate consists of two seasons, a "dry" or low-water season, and a wet season during which the rivers flood adjacent low lying forests.
The Amazonian is considered as the biggest reservation in natural resources of the Earth (included the Amazonian territory of Brazil), besides being the first generating source of oxygen of the planet. Also as natural resources exist big locations of petroleum, natural gas and gold laundries.
In the Peruvian Amazonian are registered:
- 64 tribes and sub-tribes of human beings
- 14,712 animal species (8,000 unique), 700 classes of butterflies, 282 of birds, 625 of bugs, 250 of reptiles, 2,000 of fish, unique mammals, etc.
- 20,000 or more botanical species, being found up to 100 species in 1 square/km.
There are many zoological and botanical species to discover and to classify scientifically.
In past times, the protection lack and appropriate legislation allowed the free hunt of some species, taking them to the almost extinction, as the black lizard, the giant river otter and some felines for its valuable skin. Nowadays protection laws exist to the fauna and flora and protected areas have been created in parks and reserves.
In the whole Amazonian prevails the fluvial and air transport. The rivers are the principle path of transportation for people and produce in the regions, with transport ranging from balsa rafts and dugout canoes to hand built wooden rivercraft and modern steel hulled craft. In the area of the low forest the terrestrial transport is little and exists few highways.
Protected Natural Areas in the Amazonian:
- Pacaya Samiria National Reserve
- Allpahuayo Mishana National Reserve
- Manu National Park
- Tambopata National Reserve
- Bahuaja Sonene
- Río Abiseo National Park
- Sport Fishing: There are three Amazonian species considered trophies in the world of fishing: the chambira or payara, the tucunare (peacock bass), and the dorado.
- Trekking and Hiking: Great experiencie in dense forest
- Kayaking and River Running: Many rivers offer amazing scenarios.
- Bird Watching: The Amazonian is a paradise for bird watchers.